GUIDANCE FOR AUTHORS
Preparing the Manuscript
make sure before submitting that: The manuscript is
proofread several times by the author(s); and is criticized
by some colleagues. The language is revised by a
professional science editor or a native English speaker. The
structure of the manuscript follows the guidelines
(sections, references, quality of the figures, etc).
Abstract provides a clear view of the content of the paper
and attracts potential citers. The number of cited
references complies with the limits set by Nus Biosci
(around 20 for research papers).
All manuscripts must be written in clear and grammatically
correct English (U.S.).
The manuscript should be as short as possible, with the
abstract 200 words.
Manuscript of original research should be
written in no more than
(including tables and picture), or proportional with
articles in this publication number.
review articles will be accommodated,
communication should be written in
about 2,000 words, except for pre-study (can
research paper, the manuscript should be arranged in the
following sections and appear in order: Title, Abstract, Key
words (arranged from A to Z), Running title (heading),
Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion,
Conclusion, Acknowledgements, and References.
For reviews and
Manuscript is typed on
white paper of A4 (210x297 mm2) size, in
for text, tables and figures,
single space, 10-point
(10 pt) Times New Roman font. The
margin text is 3 cm from the top, 2 cm from the bottom, and
1.8 cm from the left and right. Smaller
lettering size can be applied in presenting table and
figure (9 pt). Word
processing program or additional software can be used,
however, it must be PC compatible and Microsoft Word based
(incl. subspecies, variety, etc.)
should be written in italic, except for
italic sentence. Scientific name
author), and cultivar or strain should be mentioned
completely for the first time mentioning it
in the body text,
especially for taxonomic manuscripts. Name of genera can be
shortened after first mentioning, except generating
confusion. Name of the author can be eliminated after first
mentioning. For example, Rhizopus oryzae L. UICC 524,
hereinafter can be
written as R. oryzae UICC 524. Using trivial name
should be avoided, otherwise generating confusion.
Biochemical and chemical nomenclature should follow the
order of the IUPAC - IUB. For DNA sequence, it is better
used Courier New font. Symbols of standard chemical and
abbreviation of chemistry name can be applied for common and
clear used, for example, completely written butilic
BHT hereinafter. Metric measurement use IS
denomination, usage other system should follow the value of
equivalent with the denomination of IS first mentioning.
set of, like g, mg, mL, etc. do not follow by dot. Minus
index (m-2, L-1, h-1)
suggested to be used, except in things like
"per-plot". Equation of mathematics does not always
can be written down in one column with text, in that case
can be written separately. Number one to ten are
expressed with words, except if it relates to measurement,
while values above them written in number, except in early
sentence. The fraction should be expressed in decimal. In
the text, it should be used "%"
rather than "percent".
Avoid expressing ideas with complicated sentence and
verbiage, and used efficient and effective sentence.
of the article should be written in compact, clear, and
informative sentence, preferably not more than 20 words.
Name of author(s) should be completely written,
especially for the first and the last name.
Name and institution address should also be
completely written with street name and number (location),
code, telephone number, facsimile number, and email address.
Manuscript written by a group, author for correspondence
along with address is required.
The title page (first
include: title of the article, full name(s), institution(s)
and address(es) of author(s); the corresponding authors
detailed postage and e-mail addresses, and phone and fax
concise abstract is required (about 200 words).
The abstract should be
informative and state briefly the aim of the
research, the principal results and major conclusions. An
abstract is often presented separately from the article,
thus it must be able to stand alone (completely
References should not be cited, but if essential,
then cite the author(s) and year(s). Abbreviations should be
avoided, but if essential, they must be defined at their
Keywords is about five words, covering scientific and
local name (if any), research theme, and special methods
and sorted from A to Z.
(if any): All important abbreviations must be defined at
their first mention there. Ensure consistency of
abbreviations throughout the article.
is about five words.
Introduction is about 400-600 words,
aims of the research and provide an adequate background,
avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the
Materials and Methods should emphasize on the procedures
and data analysis.
Results and Discussion should be written as a series of
connecting sentences, however, for manuscript with long
discussion should be divided into subtitles. Thorough
discussion represents the causal effect mainly explains for
why and how the results of the research were taken place,
and do not only re-express the mentioned results in the form
Concluding sentence should be given at the end of the
Acknowledgments are expressed in a brief;
all sources of institutional, private and
corporate financial support for the work must be fully
acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest
Figures and Tables
of maximum of three pages should be clearly presented. Title
of a picture is written down below the picture, while title
of a table is written above the table. Colored
be accepted if
information in the manuscript can lose without those images;
chart is preferred to use black and white images.
Author could consign any picture or photo for the front
cover, although it does not print in the manuscript.
All images property of others should be mentioned source.
There is no appendix,
all data or data analysis are incorporated into Results and
Discussions. For broad data, it can be displayed on the
website as a supplement.
Author-year citations are required. In the text give the
authors name followed by the year of publication and arrange
from oldest to newest and from A to Z. In citing an article
written by two authors, both of them should be mentioned,
however, for three and more authors only the first author is
mentioned followed by et al., for example: Saharjo and
Nurhayati (2006) or (Boonkerd 2003a, b, c; Sugiyarto 2004;
El-Bana and Nijs 2005; Balagadde et al. 2008; Webb et al.
2008). Extent citation as shown with word "cit"
should be avoided. Reference to unpublished data and
personal communication should not appear in the list but
should be cited in the text only (e.g., Rifai MA 2007, pers.
com. (personal communication); Setyawan AD 2007, unpublished
data). In the reference list, the references should be
listed in an alphabetical order (better,
if only 20 for research papers).
Names of journals should be abbreviated. Always use the
standard abbreviation of a journal's name according to the
ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations (www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php).
The following examples are for guidance.
Saharjo BH, Nurhayati AD. 2006. Domination and composition
structure change at hemic peat natural regeneration
following burning; a case study in Pelalawan, Riau Province.
Biodiversitas 7: 154-158.
The usage of "et al." in long author lists will also be
Smith J, Jones M Jr, Houghton L et al. 1999. Future of
health insurance. N Engl J Med 965: 325-329
Slifka MK, Whitton JL. 2000. Clinical implications of
dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med.
Rai MK, Carpinella C. 2006. Naturally occurring bioactive
compounds. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Webb CO, Cannon CH, Davies SJ. 2008. Ecological
organization, biogeography, and the phylogenetic structure
of rainforest tree communities. In: Carson W, Schnitzer S
(eds). Tropical Forest Community Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell,
Assaeed AM. 2007. Seed production and dispersal of Rhazya
stricta. The 50th Annual Symposium of the International
Association for Vegetation Science, Swansea, UK, 23-27 July
Alikodra HS. 2000. Biodiversity for development of local
autonomous government. In: Setyawan AD, Sutarno (eds). Toward
Mount Lawu National Park; Proceeding of National Seminary
and Workshop on Biodiversity Conservation to Protect and
Save Germplasm in Java Island. Sebelas Maret University,
Surakarta, 17-20 July 2000. [Indonesian]
Sugiyarto. 2004. Soil Macro-invertebrates Diversity and
Inter-cropping Plants Productivity in Agroforestry System
based on Sengon. [Dissertation]. Brawijaya University,
Balagadde FK, Song H, Ozaki J, Collins CH, Barnet M, Arnold
FH, Quake SR, You L. 2008. A synthetic Escherichia coli
predator-prey ecosystem. Mol Syst Biol 4: 187.
should be numbered consecutively and accompanied by a title
at the top. Illustrations Do not use figures that duplicate
matter in tables. Figures can be supplied in digital format,
or photographs and drawings, which can be ready for
reproduction. Label each figure with figure number
reading will be sent to the corresponding
author by e-mail as .doc or .docx files for checking and
correcting of typographical errors. To avoid delay in
publication, proofs should be returned in 7 days.
journal only accepts online submission, through e-mail to
the managing editor at firstname.lastname@example.org. The
manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter containing
the article title, the first name and last name of all the
authors, a paragraph describing the claimed novelty of the
findings versus current knowledge; and a list of five
suggested international reviewers (title, name, postage
address, email address). Reviewers must not be subject to a
conflict of interest involving the author(s) or
manuscript(s). The editor is not obligated to use any
reviewer suggested by the author(s).
Submission of a manuscript implies that the submitted work
has not been published before (except as part of a thesis or
report, or abstract); and is not being considered for
publication elsewhere. When a manuscript written by a group,
all authors should read and approve the final version of the
submitted manuscript and its revision; and agree the
submission of manuscripts for this journal. All authors
should have made substantial contributions to the concept
and design of the research, acquisition of the data and its
analysis; drafting of the manuscript and correcting of the
revision. All authors must be responsible for the quality,
accuracy, and ethics of the work.
Kindly please download
journal template (MS Word-97).
All communications about manuscript(s) are strongly
recommended to be undertaken through email (email@example.com).