The diet of spotted cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus) in natural and captivity habitat

EVI W. SARAGIH, MARIA JUSTINA SADSOEITOEBOEN, FREDDY PATTISELANNO

Abstract. Saragih EW, Sadsoeitoeboen MJ, Pattiselanno F. 2010. The diet of spotted cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus) in natural and captivity habitat. Nusantara Bioscience 2: 78-83. The ex-situ conservation of cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus) under captivating condition is an alternative solution to protect cuscus from extinction. Diets became the main factor in order to support the domestication process. Particular studies on habitat and diet of cuscus have been carried out however there is still limited information on the nutrition  aspects of cuscus food. This study aimed to determine the diet type, palatability and nutrient in both natural habitat and captivating condition. The results indicated that there were 19 and 8 plant species identified as cuscus diets in both natural habitat and captivating condition. Cuscus prefers fruits with astringent and sour taste which is contained high crude fiber and low fat.
Key words: cuscus, diets, habitat, nutrient contents, wildlife.

Abstrak. Saragih EW, Sadsoeitoeboen MJ, Pattiselanno F. 2010. Pola makan kuskus bertotol biasa (Spilocuscus maculatus) di habitat alami dan penangkaran. Nusantara Bioscience 2: 78-83. Konservasi ex-situ kuskus (Spilocuscus maculatus) melalui penangkaran merupakan solusi alternatif untuk melindungi kuskus dari kepunahan. Diet menjadi faktor utama untuk mendukung proses domestikasi. Studi khusus pada habitat dan diet kuskus telah dilakukan namun informasinya masih terbatas pada aspek gizi makanan kuskus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan jenis diet, palatabilitas dan gizi di kedua kondisi habitat alam dan penangkaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 19 dan 8 jenis tumbuhan yang diidentifikasi sebagai pakan kuskus masing-masing pada habitat alam dan kondisi penangkaran. Kuskus lebih memilih buah-buahan yang segar dan terasa asam yang mengandung serat kasar tinggi dan rendah lemak..
Kata kunci: kuskus, diet, habitat, kandungan gizi, satwa liar.

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