Review: Natural products from Genus Selaginella (Selaginellaceae)

AHMAD DWI SETYAWAN

Abstract. Setyawan AD. 2011. Natural products from Genus Selaginella (Selaginellaceae). Nusantara Bioscience 3: 44-58. Selaginella is a potent medicinal-stuff, which contains diverse of natural products such as alkaloid, phenolic (flavonoid), and terpenoid. This species is traditionally used to cure several diseases especially for wound, after childbirth, and menstrual disorder. Biflavonoid, a dimeric form of flavonoids, is the most valuable natural products of Selaginella, which constituted at least 13 compounds, namely amentoflavone, 2′,8”-biapigenin, delicaflavone, ginkgetin, heveaflavone, hinokiflavone, isocryptomerin, kayaflavone, ochnaflavone, podocarpusflavone A, robustaflavone, sumaflavone, and taiwaniaflavone. Ecologically, plants use biflavonoid to response environmental condition such as defense against pests, diseases, herbivory, and competitions; while human medically use biflavonoid especially for antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anti carcinogenic. Selaginella also contains valuable disaccharide, namely trehalose that has long been known for protecting from desiccation and allows surviving severe environmental stress. The compound has very prospects as molecular stabilizer in the industries based bioresources.
Key words: natural products, biflavonoid, trehalose, Selaginella.

Abstrak. Setyawan AD. 2011. Bahan alam dari Genus Selaginella (Selaginellaceae). Nusantara Bioscience 3: 44-58. Selaginella adalah bahan baku obat yang potensial, yang mengandung beragam metabolit sekunder seperti alkaloid, fenolik (flavonoid), dan terpenoid. Spesies ini secara tradisional digunakan untuk menyembuhkan beberapa penyakit terutama untuk luka, nifas, dan gangguan haid. Biflavonoid, suatu bentuk dimer dari flavonoid, adalah salah satu produk alam yang paling berharga dari Selaginella, yang meliputi sekurang-kurangnya 13 senyawa, yaitu amentoflavone, 2′,8”-biapigenin, delicaflavone, ginkgetin, heveaflavone, hinokiflavone, isocryptomerin, kayaflavone, ochnaflavone, podocarpusflavone A, robustaflavone, sumaflavone, dan taiwaniaflavone. Secara ekologis, tumbuhan menggunakan biflavonoid untuk merespon kondisi lingkungan seperti pertahanan terhadap hama, penyakit, herbivora, dan kompetisi, sedangkan manusia menggunakan biflavonoid secara medis terutama untuk antioksidan, anti-inflamasi, dan anti karsinogenik. Selaginella juga mengandung trehalosa suatu disakarida yang telah lama dikenal untuk melindungi dari pengeringan dan memungkinkan bertahan terhadap tekanan lingkungan hidup yang keras. Senyawa ini sangat berpotensi sebagai stabilizer molekul dalam industri berbasis sumberdaya hayati.
Kata kunci: produk alami, biflavonoid, trehalosa, Selaginella.

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One Response to Review: Natural products from Genus Selaginella (Selaginellaceae)

  1. milano says:

    mantap postingannya gan….
    salam kenal ya……..
    check it out.. KUNJUNGI JUGA INI YA
    BLOG SAYA

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