Six hitherto unreported Basidiomycetic macrofungi from Kashmir Himalayas

Shauket Ahmed Pala, Abdul Hamid Wani, Mohmad Yaqub Bhat

Abstract. Pala SA, Wani AH, Bhat MY. 2011. Six hitherto unreported Basidiomycetic macrofungi from Kashmir Himalayas. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 92-97. The Kashmir valley located in the north extreme of the India lies between 33020’ and 34054’ N latitude and 730 55’ and 75035’ E longitude. The forests constituting more than 20% of the geographical area harbors diverse macrofungal species due to their wide variability in climate altitude and nature of species constituting them. The mushroom flora of the Kashmir Valley has not been documented completely until now. In this backdrop, a systematic survey for exploration and inventorization of macrofungal species of Western Kashmir Himalaya was undertaken during the year 2009-2010. During the study six species viz. Agrocybe molesta, Coprinus plicatilis, Inonotus hispidus, Paxillus involutus, Psathyrella candolleana and Russula fragilis were identified first time from the Kashmir.

Key words: Kashmir Himalayas, wild macrofungi, edible, medicinal.

Abstrak. Pala SA, Wani AH, Bhat MY. 2011. Enam makrofungi Basidiomycetes yang sampai sekarang belum dilaporkan dari Kashmir Himalaya. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 92-97. Lembah Kashmir terletak di ujung utara India, antara 33o20′ dan 34o54′ LU, serta 73o55′ dan 75o35′ BT. Hutan di kawasan ini mencakup lebih dari 20% luas wilayah geografis, menjadi tempat tinggal beragam spesies makrofungi karena sangat beragamnya iklim di ketinggian dan sifat alamiah dari spesies-spesies penusunnya. Flora jamur di Lembah Kashmir belum pernah didokumentasikan secara lengkap sampai sekarang. Oleh karena itu, sebuah survei sistematika untuk mengeksplorasi dan menginventarisasi spesies macrofungi dari bagian barat Kashmir Himalaya dilakukan selama tahun 2009-2010. Selama penelitian, enam spesies yaitu: Agrocybe molesta, Coprinus plicatilis, Inonotus hispidus, Paxillus involutus, Psathyrella candolleana dan Russula fragilis diidentifikasi untuk pertama kalinya dari Kashmir.

Kata kunci: Kashmir Himalaya, macrofungi liar, dimakan, obat.

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