1ST SIB INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIODIVERSITY ICB-2011

The revitalization of local wisdom and sustainable use of biodiversity under global climate change pressure
Solo, July 23-24, 2011
ORGANIZED BY
Society for Indonesian Biodiversity
IN COLLABORATION WITH
1. Bioscience Program School of Graduates, Biology Department FMNS, Research and Development Center for Biotechnology and Biodiversity, Institute of Javanology ] Sebelas Maret University, Solo
2. Biology Department FST State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Jogyakarta
KEYNOTE AND INVITED SPEAKERS
Keynote speaker:
Minister of Environment Affair/Forestry Republic of Indonesia *)
Invited Speakers:
1. Prof. Alan J. Lymbery, Ph.D. (Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Editor of Biodiversitas)
2. Prof. Dato A. Latiff Muhammad, Ph.D. (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; Editor of Biodiversitas)
3. Prof. Drs. Sutarno, M.Sc, Ph.D.(Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia; Editor in Chief of Biodiversitas)
4. Prof. Ir. Bambang Hero Saharjo, M.AppSc., Ph.D. (Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia; Editor of Biodiversitas)
5. Irwan Hidayat (Director of PT. Sidomuncul)*) Continue reading

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A habitat selection model for Javan deer (Rusa timorensis) in Wanagama I Forest, Yogyakarta

DANANG WAHYU PURNOMO

Abstract. Purnomo DW. 2010. A Habitat selection model for Javan deer (Rusa timorensis) in Wanagama I Forest, Yogyakarta. Nusantara Bioscience 2: 84-89. Wanagama I Forest is the natural breeding habitat of Javan deer (Rusa timorensis de Blainville, 1822). Habitat changes had affected Timor’s resource selection and caused the deer to move from undisturbed areas to developed areas with agriculture and human settlements. We suspected that this shift was caused by the degradation of natural habitat. The research aimed to identify factors that might influence future habitat selection. Habitat selection was analyzed by comparing proportions of sites actually used to sites that we considered available to use. The results of a logistic regression of site categories showed there are three habitat Continue reading

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The effect of coconut water and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) application on the in vitro growth of Paraphalaeonopsis serpentilingua from West Kalimantan

MUKARLINA, AGUSTINA LISTIAWATI, SRI MULYANI

 Abstract. Mukarlina, Listiawati A, Mulyani S. 2010. The effect of coconut water and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) application on the in vitro growth of Paraphalaeonopsis serpentilingua from West Kalimantan. Nusantara Bioscience 2: 62-66. The ‘Ekor tikus’ orchid (Paraphalaenopsis serpentilingua J.J. Sm.) is an epidemic orchid in West Kalimantan. Now this orchid is facing a great conservation problem and threatened to endangered due to human exploitation. This research was conducted to find out the in vitro growth effect of P. serpentilingua by supplementation of NAA and coconut water in culture medium. The experiment was carried out using a Completely Randomized Design with two factors and five replicates. The result showed that supplemented NAA and coconut water on MS medium affected the emergence timing of buds, the average buds number, the average leaf number/buds, percentage of buds, the emergence timing of root, average root number and percentage of root. Medium that supplemented with 1.5 ppm NAA and 10% coconut water showed the fastest Continue reading

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Review: Natural products from Genus Selaginella (Selaginellaceae)

AHMAD DWI SETYAWAN

Abstract. Setyawan AD. 2011. Natural products from Genus Selaginella (Selaginellaceae). Nusantara Bioscience 3: 44-58. Selaginella is a potent medicinal-stuff, which contains diverse of natural products such as alkaloid, phenolic (flavonoid), and terpenoid. This species is traditionally used to cure several diseases especially for wound, after childbirth, and menstrual disorder. Biflavonoid, a dimeric form of flavonoids, is the most valuable natural products of Selaginella, which constituted at least 13 compounds, namely amentoflavone, 2′,8”-biapigenin, delicaflavone, ginkgetin, heveaflavone, hinokiflavone, isocryptomerin, kayaflavone, ochnaflavone, podocarpusflavone A, robustaflavone, sumaflavone, and taiwaniaflavone. Ecologically, plants use biflavonoid to response Continue reading

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Site suitability to tourist use or management programs South Marsa Alam, Red Sea, Egypt

MOHAMMED SHOKRY AHMED AMMAR, MOHAMMED HASSANEIN,
HASHEM ABBAS MADKOUR, AMRO ABD-ELHAMID ABD-ELGAWAD

Abstract. Ammar MSA, Hassanein M, Madkour HA, Abd-Elgawad AE. 2011. Site suitability to tourist use or management programs South Marsa Alam, Red Sea, Egypt. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 36-43. Twenty sites in the southern Egyptian Red Sea (Marsa Alam-Ras Banas sector) were surveyed principally for sensitivity significance throughout the periode 2002-2003. Sensitivity of the study area was derived from internationally known criteria, the key words of each criterion and a brief description of its use was described. The present study assigned for the first time a numerical total environmental significance score that gives a full sensitivity significance evaluation for any site to decide to select either for tourist use or management purposes. However, the results of the study still have the availability to arrange sites with respect to one criterion or only two or many Continue reading

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Microanatomy alteration of gills and kidneys in freshwater mussel (Anodonta woodiana) due to cadmium exposure

FUAD FITRIAWAN, SUTARNO, SUNARTO

Abstract. Fitriawan F, Sutarno, Sunarto. 2011. Microanatomy alteration of gills and kidneys in freshwater mussel (Anodonta woodiana) due to cadmium exposure. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 28-35. The purpose of this study were to determine the level of Cd accumulation in the gills and kidneys, to khow the changes in microanatomic structure of A. woodiana after the various treatments of heavy metals. Completely randomized design pattern of 5 x 3 as used in this laboratory experiment. The amount of exposure of heavy metals Cd were (0 ppm, 0.5 ppm, 1 ppm, 5 ppm, 10 ppm), while the variation of length of exprosure time to Cd were (7 days, 14 days, and 30 days). The parameters of Cd accumulation in the gills and kidney was analyzed by using AAS method, while Continue reading

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Evaluation structural diversity of Carpinus betulus stand in Golestan Province, North of Iran

VAHAB SOHRABI, RAMIN RAHMANI, SHAHROKH JABBARI, HADI MOAYERI

Abstract. Sohrabi V, Rahmani R, Jabbari S, Moayeri H. 2011. Evaluation structural diversity of Carpinus betulus stand in Golestan Province, Northern Iran. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 23-27. In order to investigate structural diversity of Carpinus betulus type in Golestan province 30 modified Whittaker plots by systematic random system were located. Per plot the characteristic of trees and shrubs species (Species name, diameter and height of trees) are recorded. The heterogenity indices of Simpson, Shannon–Wiener, Simpson’s reciprocal and number of equally common species were used for the quantitative data. Toward better understand from diversity condition in horizontal and vertical composition of stand, the diameter divided in 10 cm classes and Method of Mohajer and the height divided in 10 m height classes and dominant height, then number Continue reading

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Study on floristic and plant species diversity in the Lebanon oak (Quercus libani) site, Chenareh, Marivan, Kordestan Province, western Iran

HASSAN POURBABAEI, SHIVA ZANDI NAVGRAN

Abstract. Pourbabaei H, Navgran SZ. 2011. Study on floristic and plant species diversity of the Lebanon oak site (Quercus libani) in Chenareh, Marivan, Kordestan Province, western Iran. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 15-22. In order to study floristic and plant species diversity, approximately 450 ha of oak forests were selected in Chenareh, Marivan of Kordestan province in western Iran. Inventory was selectively carried out in 50 m elevation range in the different aspects. Vegetation was surveyed in the four layers including: tree (dbh >5 cm), regeneration (dbh <5 cm), shrub and herb. Diversity and richness indices were used to analyze data in the different vegetation layers. Results indicated that 82 plant species found in the studied site, comprise of 9 tree, 3 shrub and 70 herbaceous. The mean diversities and richness measures were found to be the highest in southwestern and lowest in southeastern and northern aspects for the tree layer. Whereas for the regeneration layer, the mean diversity measures were found the highest in northeastern (i.e., 1-D and Continue reading

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Characterisation of taro (Colocasia esculenta) based on morphological and isozymic patterns markers

TRIMANTO, SAJIDAN, SUGIYARTO

Abstract. Trimanto, Sajidan, Sugiyarto. 2011. Characterization of taro (Colocasia esculenta) based on morphological and isozymic patterns markers. Nusantara Bioscience: 7-14. The aims of this research were to find out: (i) the variety of Colocasia esculenta based on the morphological characteristics; (ii) the variety of C. esculenta based on the isozymic banding pattern; and (iii) the correlation of genetic distance based on the morphological characteristics and isozymic banding pattern. Survey research conducted in the Karanganyar district, which include high, medium and low altitude. The sample was taken using random purposive sampling technique, including 9 sampling points. The morphological data was elaborated descriptively and then made dendogram. The data on isozymic banding pattern was analyzed quantitatively based on the presence or absence of bands appeared on the gel, and then made dendogram. The correlation based on the morphological characteristics and isozymic banding pattern were analyzed based on the Continue reading

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Optimization of DNA extraction of physic nut (Jatropha curcas) by selecting the appropriate leaf

EDI PRAYITNO, EINSTIVINA NURYANDANI

Abstract. Prayitno E, Nuryandani E. 2011. Optimization of DNA extraction of physic nut (Jatropha curcas) by selecting the appropriate leaf. Nusantara Bioscience 3: 1-6. Jatropha curcas L. has important roles as renewable source of bioenergy. The problem occurs on difficult of DNA extraction for its molecular breeding programs. The objectives of this research were to study which leaf best as source of DNA extraction. Four accession were used, namely J1 and J2 (Jawa Tengah), S1 (South Sumatra), and S2 (Bengkulu). First, third, fifth, seventh, and yellow leaves for each accession were extracted using modification of Doyle and Doyle (1987) method. Visualization and comparation with Lambda DNA, Spectrophotometer UV-Vis and cutting DNA with EcoRI enzyme were show quality and quantity of DNA. The result showed that third leaves have sufficient quality and quantity Continue reading

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